Military application of thermal imaging technology


In the past 10 years, thermal imaging technology has developed rapidly and has become a high-tech with strategic position in the future military technology, which is embodied in the following three aspects:

(1) Thermal imaging technology is the main detection technology that national security relies on.

The massive use of ballistic missiles and long-range cruise missile assault strategic targets is one of the characteristics of modern high-tech local wars. From the war of the sea bend, until the recent Iraq war, ballistic missiles and long-range cruise missiles have been used extensively as effective assault and counter-attack weapons. The use of missile early warning satellites for early warning, tracking, identification, timely warning and interception is directly related to the security of national strategic objectives; reconnaissance satellites, Earth resources remote sensing satellites, and meteorological satellites have a significant impact on national security and economic interests; Thermal imaging technology is a key technology for these satellites.

(2) Thermal imaging technology is one of the main technologies used in modern high-tech local warfare.

Modern high-tech local warfare is carried out under high-intensity electronic countermeasures, so most battles are carried out at night or in bad weather conditions. The superiority of passive operation of thermal imaging systems will be more fully demonstrated. As the first link in the acquisition of images from the battlefield information network, thermal imaging technology is one of the key technologies, and the thermal imaging system and data link on various platforms such as satellites, reconnaissance planes, drones, ships, vehicles, personnel, etc. (Wireless and wired, radio and optical communication) combine to form a thermal image information network, which transmits the thermal image to the relevant combat units in real time, gaining the advantage of battlefield information, and is of great or even decisive for winning the battle and reducing the loss. effect. Thermal imaging technology is the main means of deep measurement under severe electromagnetic interference.

The strategic position of thermal imaging technology is also determined by its breadth and importance in military use. As a night vision device, thermal imaging cameras have been widely used in aircraft, ships, vehicles for night navigation, driving, frontier reconnaissance, and battlefield surveillance. Not only that, thermal imaging technology has been widely used in anti-armor weapon systems, precision guided weapons, artillery, missile fire control systems, photoelectric countermeasures, and so on. In fact, all military services and almost all arms in developed countries are equipped with thermal imaging cameras.

In the Army field, in the field of anti-armor, it has been used for portable thermal sights for light-range short-range anti-tank missiles, thermal aiming stations for vehicle anti-tank missiles, etc.; for air defense anti-low-altitude missiles, it has been used for shoulder-fired ground-to-air missiles. Sight, integrated infrared search, tracking, fire control system, such as split-type infrared search, tracking, fire control system, anti-aircraft gun, ground-to-air missile or ammunition combined with anti-aircraft and ground-to-air missiles. Armored combat vehicles are one of the most used applications of thermal imaging technology. They have been used in tank fire control systems, vehicle perimeter periscope, gunhead thermal sights, and night vehicle driving. In reconnaissance, they have been used for battlefield reconnaissance and monitoring. Damage assessment, unattended intelligence stations, armored reconnaissance vehicles, etc.; for light weapons thermal sights, it has been used for squat guns, rockets, high-altitude machine guns, rifles, machine guns, rent rifles, etc.; Used for anti-tank missiles, surface-to-air missiles, cruise missiles, etc.; in military robots, it is an important visual system thermal imaging technology for battlefield robots. It can also be used to detect poisonous gas.

In the Air Force's city, a new generation of air-to-air missiles uses thermal imaging guidance, and air-to-ground missiles are one of the most successful examples of thermal imaging guidance. In order to evaluate the impact effect and improve the accuracy of the hit, thermal imaging guidance was also started on the newly developed cruise missile. There are also many thermal imaging technologies used in aircraft, including pods and turret-type forward-looking infrared systems for night-time navigation; pods, turrets and fixed front-view infrared, side-view infrared, and down-view for aerial reconnaissance Infrared system; there are pods, turrets, fixed forward-looking infrared systems for aerial search and positioning, ground attack; on the helicopter, there is a mast-type forward-looking infrared system mounted on the rotor shaft. Thermal imaging technology is the standard equipment for reconnaissance drones, and all drones must be equipped.

In the navy, the main combat ships have adopted thermal imaging technology, ranging from aircraft carriers to ballistic missile submarines to small missile speedboats and patrol boats. Thermal imaging technology has been used for the guidance and guidance of air defense missiles, anti-ship missiles, cruise missiles and other precision-guided weapons. The biggest threat to the surface boat is the sea-going anti-ship missile. Search tracking is the premise of intercepting it. The infrared search and tracking system is a good system that can be used for this purpose. The last line of defense for air defense is the short-range point defense weapon system. With a thermal imager, this system can effectively fight even if the radar is disturbed. Surface ships are often equipped with radar and thermal imaging fire control systems, and some are only equipped with thermal imaging fire control systems. The traditional periscope can no longer meet the requirements of modern naval battles. The periscope of modern submarines has developed into a photoelectric mast, equipped with a thermal imager, which obviously improves the combat effectiveness of the submarine. In addition, thermal imaging technology is also widely used in maritime patrols and rescue formation voyages.



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